No one is ready for the death or disability, but a stroke can suddenly deprive a person of the health! It does not matter whether you are young or old, what gender you are, a stroke can happen with everyone any second. It is very important to understand how to avoid a stroke, so as to slightly adjust your lifestyle. It is very necessary to know the main factors that can provoke a stroke and to do all your best to prevent the disease. Actually, it does not take a lot of time and efforts.
A stroke is a sharp violation of the blood circulation of the brain, and it happens for various reasons. The reasons can be different: thrombus, a plaque of atherosclerosis, and an ordinary spasm of the vessel. The danger of a stroke is that its symptoms grow gradually, and the help should be provided to the person no later than 3 hours after the vessel is blocked.
Thus, the question arises: “How to protect yourself from a stroke?”. The answer is simple – you should know the reasons that can lead to the disease and also be aware of the main symptoms of a stroke.
• numbness of the face, hands or feet,
• violation of speech or perception of sounds;
• violation of coordination;
• sharp deterioration of vision;
• unusually severe headache.
Here are the top 10 ways to cut your risk of stroke.
1. Monitor the blood pressure level.
People after 40 years should daily check the blood pressure level. Maintain blood pressure values at 140/90. If it is needed, use medication: alpha receptor stimulants, diuretics or calcium channel blockers. Following the DASH Diet and avoiding salt can help.
2. Control blood sugar and cholesterol levels.
Use a blood glucose meter and test strips that determine cholesterol, which can be purchased at the pharmacy.
3. Do physical education regularly.
Stay active in any situation. Light physical exercises will help you prevent a stroke and be healthy. Specialists suggest that you at least walk as much as possible (3000 steps a day).
4. Stop smoking.
Smoking doubles the risk of a stroke. Nicotine narrows the blood vessels and causes them to spasms, and carcinogenic substances in tobacco contribute to formation of blood clots. Once you stop smoking, the risk will decrease.
5. Do not abuse alcohol.
Alcohol raises blood pressure, provokes chronic hypertension. Abusing alcohol, you automatically fall into the risk group.
6. Lose excessive weight.
When a person suffers from obesity his heart is forced to work with a greater load, providing blood to large body volumes. Vessels can not cope with this load and react with increased blood pressure.
7. Manage your diabetes.
With diabetes, blood vessels are often affected by atherosclerosis. The walls of the vessels lose their flexibility and are packed with cholesterol plaques. These formations can cause thrombosis and provoke narrowing and clogging of blood vessels. If this happens in the brain, an ischemic stroke will occur.
8. Improve your diet.
A diet with a low content of salt and animal fats is recommended. By reducing the amount of salt and fats in the diet, you lower your blood pressure, as a result, decrease the risk of a stroke. Strive for a balanced diet with a predominance of fruits, vegetables (preferably green) and cereals. It is advisable to replace beef and pork meat for chicken or turkey meat.
9. Avoid stress and treat depression.
The constant release of adrenaline and stress hormones depletes the nervous system, causing an increased blood pressure and tachycardia. This changes the structure of blood vessels, increases the blood coagulability and causes thrombosis.
10. Treat heart diseases.
The violation of heart rhythm allows blood to stagnate in some parts of the heart. Heart contractions can separate a part of the blood clot into the total bloodstream, which can lead to impaired cerebral circulation.