The common cold has no cure and is caused by viruses. Children will who are in day care can have as many as 10 to 15 colds each year. That’s a lot of colds for just one child. Even though there is no cure, you can make your child more comfortable. In a day care center, colds are easily spread through the air. Children cough and sneeze spreading millions of germs into the air. Proper hand washing is still the best way to prevent colds.
The signs and symptoms of a cold include runny nose, low-grade fever and coughing. Not all colds come with a cough. Some children will have secondary infections that can lead to other illnesses. If your child has a high fever with a cold, then they likely have a secondary infection. These can include upper respiratory infections and ear infections. You’ll need to take your child to the doctor for antibiotics. It’s important that you teach your child to sneeze into their elbow or a tissue to stop the spread of infection.
A cold virus can make your child feel miserable and grouchy. Give your child plenty of attention and offer clear fluids or crackers to ease their stomach. The common cold and flu have similar symptoms and are often confused. The flu is often treated with special care because its symptoms are more severe. Indications that your child has the flu instead of a cold is the presence of a high fever. Your child will not feel well no matter whether they have a cold or the flu.
It is important that your child receives plenty of rest and drinks lots of fluids. This is a great time to pamper your child with attention. Play quiet games where your child can still rest. Read their favorite book or other bedtime story to make them feel better. The important thing is to help your child feel better.
Visit your pediatrician if your child shows signs of a secondary infection or the flu. The most common treatment for a child with a cold is over-the-counter pain relievers and cough medicine. Some children enjoy eating popsicles when they have a sore throat. Your child will need extra sleep while they’re sick. Take steps to prevent the spread of disease with frequent hand washing. Cold symptoms usually improve within one week. Flu symptoms can take up to two weeks before your child feels better.
If your child has the flu, he won’t be allowed to attend day care until the fever has subsided. You’ll need to make other arrangements if you’re working parent. You might consider taking some time off work while your child is sick. The common cold can turn into other diseases, such as tonsillitis or strep throat. If your child has a fever, contact your pediatrician for advice. Follow the recommended dosage for your child’s age when giving over-the-counter medications. Keep your child away from others while they’re recovering.